History & Classics

Fifteen Eighty Four


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  • 8 Jun 2023
    Maanik Nath

    Climate, Courts and Indian Moneylenders

    The evil moneylender exploiting the vulnerable borrower is a recurring genre in popular fiction. Oliver Twist depicts moneylenders as crooked gangsters operating illegal businesses and luring impoverished groups into crippling debt arrangements. Indian cinema told similar stories, proselytizing villainy of moneylenders and stirring compassion for deprived borrowers. Mother India, released in 1957, is a classic […]

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  • 5 Jun 2023
    Michelle Tusan

    The First World War and the Middle Eastern Front

    The First World War was a war of empires that started in the Balkans and ended in the Middle East. Yet, some historians still see this war as a mostly European story. Mapping the different fronts of the war together challenges this perspective: I wrote The Last Treaty, in part, to understand why war historiography […]

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  • 31 May 2023
    Claire Andrieu

    When War Knocks on the Door: What Do Civilians Do?

    WW2 Comparative History from BelowWritten by Claire Andrieu Unlike the objects of its title, the subject of this book did not fall from the sky. I did not set out to write a comparative history of the reception of downed airmen in Britain, France and Germany during World War II. The story of When Men […]

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  • 29 May 2023
    Seth Bernard

    Reframing Rome and Italy during the early Roman expansion

    What are the effects of empire-building, and how can we study them? With Making the Middle Republic, my two co-editors and I present a collection of papers emphasizing the importance of the fourth and third centuries BCE to the broader development of Republican Rome and Italy. This period saw the earliest phases of Roman imperial […]

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  • 26 May 2023
    Karine Varley

    No double game but a double bind for Vichy

    In the many books, articles, debates and polemics about the Vichy French regime during the Second World War, one question remains curiously absent: why didn’t Vichy collaborate with Fascist Italy? Perhaps it’s because the answer seems obvious. After the fall of France in June 1940, Vichy chose to collaborate with Hitler’s regime because it believed […]

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  • 24 May 2023
    Michael Pope

    The Scandalous Nature of Things

    From the beginning of his poem, Lucretius is decidedly unsubtle. In quick succession the audience encounters the language of pleasure, verdant flora, lusty fauna, sexual reproduction, and an erotic scene between Venus and Mars that gushes with sensuality and hungry orifices. Some readers probably feel like it is a bit of a bait and switch […]

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  • 24 May 2023
    Lea Niccolai

    Christianity, Philosophy, and Roman Power:Constantine, Julian and the Bishops on Exegesis and Empire

    The young Augustine was repelled by the Gospels. Or so he says, at least, in a passage from the Confessions (3.5.9) in which he reflects on his former, ‘inflated pride’. The student of rhetoric in love with Latin literature struggled to accept a written style that he perceived as ‘unworthy’ of his Marcus Tully (Cicero). […]

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  • 16 May 2023
    Peter Thompson

    Atmos(fears): The Gas Mask in Interwar Germany

    Image Description: The front page of a 1937 edition of Die Sirene, the monthly magazine for the Nazi Reichsluftschutzbund (or Reich Air Protection League). The man on the front sports the Volksgasmaske, or “People’s Gas Mask.” While most technical experts knew that the mass-produced mask offered little protection against chemical weapons, the captions boast of its technical specifications and claim that: “Every German can feel safe under the gas mask!”

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