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25

May

2022

Playing and Playgoing in Early Modern England

Written by: Emma Whipday & Simon Smith

 
 

Peter Brook’s The Empty Space famously begins,

I can take any empty space and call it a bare stage. A man walks across this empty space whilst someone else is watching him, and this is all that is needed for an act of theatre to be engaged.[1]

Playing and Playgoing in Early Modern England: Actor, Audience, and Performance explores the intersections between the three realms of enquiry opened up by Brook, to focus on the player-playgoer relationship at the heart of early modern performance.

First, we explore the ‘player’: the ‘man’ (or youth, or girl) who walks (or marches, or dances, or runs, or trips, or slips suddenly away). How does an early modern player perform a virginal girl, a shamefaced blush, a ‘dead likeness’, or Othello’s trance? In tracing these questions, our contributors explore the embodied skill of the player in relation to pre-Reformation performance traditions, textual traditions of art and art history, and cultures of devotion, shame, discrimination, and identification.

Secondly, the ‘playgoer’: the ‘someone’ who is watching (and listening, clapping, shouting, stamping, nodding, identifying, and judging). The chapters in this volume illuminate the relationships between the individual playgoer (whether recovered through archival traces, or hypothesised in relation to the records of theatre programming), the imagined or implied playgoer (as registered in the paratexts of anxious or frustrated authors, and in theatrical stereotypes and onstage depictions), and the community of playgoers (both the composite ‘audience’, and the myriad ‘audiences’). Our contributors offer new insights into the experiences of documented playgoers, suggest new ways of understanding the relationship between theatre professionals and those for whom they wrote, and reconceptualise early modern drama itself in light of this relationship.

And thirdly, the ‘playhouse’: the stage itself, and the spaces – physical, social and conceptual – that surround it. In recent years, theatre historians have demonstrated that in the early modern playhouse, the stage was neither empty nor bare. Our volume asks what we can learn if we attend to the ‘fullness’ of the playhouse itself – as a conceptual and social space as well as a theatrical one – and the implications of this ‘fullness’ for the plays first performed there four centuries ago and more.

Playing and Playgoing shows how playhouses were far from Brook’s bare stages or empty spaces: they were multisensory places of play, pleasure, interactivity, imagination, and community. These spaces – and the player-playgoer relationships they facilitated – shaped the sophisticated, meta-theatrical reflections on performance that playwrights produced for their stages. In tracing these reflections, this volume argues that the study of theatrical culture is crucial to the scholarly investigation of dramatic texts: not merely of historical interest, but necessary for a full understanding of the plays themselves.


[1] Peter Brook, The Empty Space (London: Penguin Classics, 2008 [first published 1968]), 1.

Playing and Playgoing in Early Modern England By Simon Smith and Emma Whipday
Playing and Playgoing in Early Modern England By Simon Smith and Emma Whipday

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About the Author: Emma Whipday

Emma Whipday is Lecturer in Renaissance Literature at Newcastle University. She researches domestic violence, gender and power, familial structures, and performance in and beyond the playhouse. Her monograph Shakespeare's Domestic Tragedies: Violence in the Early Modern Home (Cambridge, 2019) won the 2020 Shakespeare's Globe Book Award. She is curr...

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About the Author: Simon Smith

Simon Smith is Associate Professor of Shakespeare and Early Modern Drama at the Shakespeare Institute, Stratford-upon-Avon and the Department of English Literature, University of Birmingham. He researches early modern drama, music and sensory culture. He is the author of Musical Response in the Early Modern Playhouse, 1603–1625 (Cambridge, 2017),...

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