Michael writes and teaches about literature, intellectual history, and digital humanities. Broadly speaking, his interest lies in the ways that technology affects communication. His first book, The Invention of English Criticism, 1650-1760 (Cambridge University Press, 2015) describes the popularization of literary debate over the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. This book was motivated by a desire to understand how, given the immutable fact that critics never agree and about much of anything, we can know much of anything about literature and sometimes even come to a shared understanding. Since completing that book, his research has expanded this line of inquiry into the present, asking how new forms of digital writing might make possible new ways of thinking and talking about literature and history. He is particularly interested in computational linguistics, network science, geospatial modeling, and agent-based simulation.