Moshe Israelashvili & John L. Romano, editors of The Cambridge Handbook of International Prevention Science, introduce their recent title.
An extremely wise man (some people believe it was Albert Einstein, others are not sure) once said: “A clever person solves a problem. A wise person avoids it.” Unfortunately, for too many years this notion remained only a nice idea, rather than practice. As a discipline, psychology and other mental health professions have historically emphasized crisis interventions and therapeutic applications once a problem has manifested itself, and much of the research and training is concerned with “fixing” problems after they become manifested. This gap has been (and is still) fueled by several reasons, such as political pressures to show quick improvement, lack of investment in prevention from policy makers, weak motivation from lay persons to practice prevention, and limited evidence-based knowledge on how best to prevent problems in most countries and regions of the world. Prevention science, as a relatively new and interdisciplinary specialty, aims to place much greater emphasis to prevent problems before they become problematic to individuals and communities.
Yet, there are several other important gaps that still wait to be bridged, such as the gap between Westernized knowledge and the accumulating knowledge in other parts of the world. Namely, while Western countries have provided most of the research and scholarship associated with prevention science, other countries have also been developing applications and research to support a prevention science perspective. A major goal of our recently published Cambridge Handbook of International Prevention Science (Israelashvili & Romano, 2017) is to bring the perspectives of scientists, practitioners, and policy-makers from across the globe to share their perspectives, interventions, and research in one volume for the global community of scholars. As such the Handbook consists of 43 chapters written by over 100 authors from 27 different countries.
The Handbook is comprised of two main sections. The first section contains up-to-date conceptual perspectives within prevention science, such as chapters on policy development, cost-benefit analyses of prevention, prevention ethics, and multicultural and social justice prevention perspectives. In addition, prevention research and methodologies, and evidence-based prevention are discussed in other chapters of this section. In the second section of the Handbook, examples of implementation and application of prevention initiatives and projects from across the globe are presented. These chapters represent an array of innovative and interesting prevention applications including prevention of internet addiction, early childhood prevention interventions, prevention in the context of cross-cultural neuroscience, violence prevention and youth development, and HIV/AIDS prevention. Thus, in addressing a large scope of basic prevention science alongside culturally/nationally-related topics, the Handbook brings attention to the importance of prevention science and strongly supports the World Health Organization’s (WHO) strategic goals for 2020, to implement mental health promotion and prevention in mental health across the globe.
Too often prevention specialists in many parts of the world work in isolation from others outside of their country or region. Hence, in addition to presenting a global perspective on prevention science, the Handbook hopes to strengthen communication and dialogue across countries and regions to give scholars and policy-makers increased access to each other. Moreover, by suggesting the Handbook as a comprehensive resource for consideration by researchers and practitioners from all relevant professions, we believe that there will also be greater sharing of information, policy developments, and intervention strategies, between people who pursue ways to prevent problems and those who search for ways to reduce existing problems. We welcome your response to this post, and perhaps begin a global dialogue about prevention science within your context.