This week, we ask:
What are some misconceptions about learning sciences?
Michael A. Evans, North Carolina State University
Martin J. Packer, Universidad de los Andes, Colombia
R. Keith Sawyer, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Michael A. Evans
One of the earliest misconceptions about the learning sciences was that the focus of the field was limited to investigating how individuals learn science. In fact, published research in the field covers all primary content domains including mathematics, science, engineering, and computer science education. Another misconception is that the learning sciences has a mission to replace educational psychology, particularly in terms of methodological priorities, in schools of education. Though there are certainly overlaps in the two fields, the learning sciences is more focused on improving methodological frameworks so that they contribute substantively to formal and informal learning outcomes.
Martin J. Packer
A common misconception is that learning sciences is about putting the latest technology into school classrooms. But we know that effective learning takes place all around the world in settings with very simple technology, in meaningful interactions among people who have formed relationships they consider valuable. Increasingly, learning sciences researchers are stepping outside the classroom in order to study, and often intervene in, these other contexts in which learning is central, and taken for granted.
R. Keith Sawyer
Most people think of learning as a solitary pursuit. Learning involves one person, acquiring knowledge. And if that’s true, then you could learn alone just as effectively as in a group or a classroom. But recent learning sciences research has demonstrated the importance of learning in groups. One of the main reasons this is important is that most adult professional activities take place in groups. Why would we teach science to solitary individual students, when all science today is massively collaborative?
*Next week, the authors discuss potential barriers to innovation in the realm of learning sciences